This research focuses on the technical issues that are critical to the adoption of high-energy-producing lithium Ion batteries. In addition to high energy density / high power density, this publication considers performance requirements that are necessary to assure lithium ion technology as the battery format of choice for electrified vehicles. Presentation of prime topics includes: * Long calendar life (greater than 10 years)* Sufficient cycle life* Reliable operation under hot and cold temperaturesSafe performance under extreme conditions* End-of-life recycling. To achieve aggressive fuel economy standards, carmakers are developing technologies to reduce fuel consumption, including hybridization and electrification. Cost and affordability factors will be determined by these relevant technical issues which will provide for the successful implementation of lithium ion batteries for application in future generations of electrified vehicles.
This book introduces a formalism for modeling complex and large-scale systems that merges Petri nets, differential equation systems, and object-oriented methods. It describes a method that starts from the requirements of a supervisory system and results in a proposal for such a system. The book also presents a validation procedure that allows verification of the formal properties of the hybrid model.
It has been acknowledged that the applications of Articulated Steer vehicles (ASVs) result in some problems, such as rollover, jackknifing and snaking. In this book, for a typical ASV, a comprehensive study of the causes of the snaking, and of the effects of the vehicle parameters and operating conditions on the stability is presented. Furthermore, to stabilize the vehicle during its most critical driving conditions, some studies are directed towards designing different types of active stability control systems. The subject of this book fits well into the scope of Vehicle Dynamics and Control. The main interest of this work is in the development of elegant design procedures where advanced control theory results are combined with established vehicle dynamic modeling techniques, to come up with appropriate vehicle stability controllers. The contents of this book can be used as a guide to solving the development problems of all kinds of road vehicles in the areas of stability and control. More specifically, this book can significantly assist professionals of various industries and academia in the field of articulated vehicle design, in finding proper solutions to the stability problems.
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