Fires have plagued man for centuries and devices designed to combat them by pumping a stream of water date back to at least the second century B. C. During the Great Fire of London in 1666, fire engines with hand-operated pumps met with little success in trying to contain that conflagration. It was not until the development of better pumps, combined with the use of flexible hoses, that fire engines began to be truly effective in fighting fires.Now children and adults alike can enjoy learning about the history of fire engines and have fun colouring at the same time. In this carefully rendered, well-researched colouring book by noted illustrator A. G. Smith, you'll find over 40 detailed, accurate illustrations (including a double-page spread) depicting a parade of fire-fighting vehicles spanning almost 300 years. Among them are a 1731 Newsham fire-engine pump built in England; a hand-drawn jumper reel, ca. 1800; a hand-drawn pumper from the 1830s; a horse-drawn combination, ca. 1890; a hose layer (1911) built for São Paulo, Brazil; a 1933 Ahrens-Fox pumper; a 1962 Mack aerial ladder truck; and many others. Captions identify each fire engine.
Examining the history and intellectual activity of the medieval Svetambara Jain renunciant order, the Tapa Gaccha, this book focuses on the consolidation by the Tapa Gaccha from the thirteenth century of its identity as the leading Svetambara order. The author argues that this was variously effected by negotiating the primacy of lineage, the posthumous divinity of one of its leaders, the validity of styles of scriptural exegesis and customary practice and the status of non-Jains through the medium of chronicles and poetry and polemical engagement with other Jain orders and dissident elements within its own ranks.
Drawing on largely unstudied primary sources, the author demonstrates how Tapa Gaccha writers created a sophisticated intellectual culture which was a vehicle for the maintenance of sectarian identity in the early modern period. The book explores issues which have been central to our understanding of many of the questions currently being asked about the development not just of Jainism but of South Asian religions in general, such as the manner in which authority is established in relation to texts, the relationship between scripture, commentary and tradition and tensions both between and within sects.
Maritime archaeology deals with shipwrecks and is carried out by divers rather than diggers. It embraces maritime history and analyses changes in shipbuilding, navigation and seamanship and offers fresh perspectives on the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on detailed past and recent case studies, Richard A. Gould provides an up-to-date review of the field that includes dramatic new findings arising from improved undersea technologies. This second edition of Archaeology and the Social History of Ships has been updated throughout to reflect new findings and new interpretations of old sites. The new edition explores advances in undersea technology in archaeology, especially remotely operated vehicles. The book reviews many of the major recent shipwreck findings, including the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord and the Titanic.
It has been acknowledged that the applications of Articulated Steer vehicles (ASVs) result in some problems, such as rollover, jackknifing and snaking. In this book, for a typical ASV, a comprehensive study of the causes of the snaking, and of the effects of the vehicle parameters and operating conditions on the stability is presented. Furthermore, to stabilize the vehicle during its most critical driving conditions, some studies are directed towards designing different types of active stability control systems. The subject of this book fits well into the scope of Vehicle Dynamics and Control. The main interest of this work is in the development of elegant design procedures where advanced control theory results are combined with established vehicle dynamic modeling techniques, to come up with appropriate vehicle stability controllers. The contents of this book can be used as a guide to solving the development problems of all kinds of road vehicles in the areas of stability and control. More specifically, this book can significantly assist professionals of various industries and academia in the field of articulated vehicle design, in finding proper solutions to the stability problems.
What did America's greatest orators say regarding significant issues and concerns throughout United States history? This three-volume set examines hundreds of the most historically significant speeches from colonial times to the modern era, allowing readers to consider exactly what the speakers said-and to better understand the motivations behind each speech as well as the effect on the audiences that heard them.
Includes background material that gives students primary texts to work with and helps them develop their critical reading, thinking, and writing skills
Supplies extensive background information that places each speech in its historical context
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