Includes accurate line drawings of 18th-century balloons, 19th-century dirigibles, the Wright "Flyer," the first English Channel crossing, the "Spirit of St. Louis," many fighters, bombers, and rockets from World Wars I and II, jets, early space vehicles, the "Concorde," and, of course, the Space Shuttle. 47 black-and-white illustrations.
Fires have plagued man for centuries and devices designed to combat them by pumping a stream of water date back to at least the second century B. C. During the Great Fire of London in 1666, fire engines with hand-operated pumps met with little success in trying to contain that conflagration. It was not until the development of better pumps, combined with the use of flexible hoses, that fire engines began to be truly effective in fighting fires.Now children and adults alike can enjoy learning about the history of fire engines and have fun colouring at the same time. In this carefully rendered, well-researched colouring book by noted illustrator A. G. Smith, you'll find over 40 detailed, accurate illustrations (including a double-page spread) depicting a parade of fire-fighting vehicles spanning almost 300 years. Among them are a 1731 Newsham fire-engine pump built in England; a hand-drawn jumper reel, ca. 1800; a hand-drawn pumper from the 1830s; a horse-drawn combination, ca. 1890; a hose layer (1911) built for São Paulo, Brazil; a 1933 Ahrens-Fox pumper; a 1962 Mack aerial ladder truck; and many others. Captions identify each fire engine.
Examining the history and intellectual activity of the medieval Svetambara Jain renunciant order, the Tapa Gaccha, this book focuses on the consolidation by the Tapa Gaccha from the thirteenth century of its identity as the leading Svetambara order. The author argues that this was variously effected by negotiating the primacy of lineage, the posthumous divinity of one of its leaders, the validity of styles of scriptural exegesis and customary practice and the status of non-Jains through the medium of chronicles and poetry and polemical engagement with other Jain orders and dissident elements within its own ranks.
Drawing on largely unstudied primary sources, the author demonstrates how Tapa Gaccha writers created a sophisticated intellectual culture which was a vehicle for the maintenance of sectarian identity in the early modern period. The book explores issues which have been central to our understanding of many of the questions currently being asked about the development not just of Jainism but of South Asian religions in general, such as the manner in which authority is established in relation to texts, the relationship between scripture, commentary and tradition and tensions both between and within sects.
This valuable volume offers a systematic approach to flight vehicle system identification and covers exhaustively the time-domain methodology. It addresses in detail the theoretical and practical aspects of various parameter estimation methods, including those in the stochastic framework and focusing on nonlinear models, cost functions, optimization methods, and residual analysis. A pragmatic and balanced account of pros and cons in each case are provided. It also presents data gathering, model validation and covers both large scale systems and high fidelity modeling. Real world problems dealing with a variety of flight vehicle applications are addressed and solutions are provided. Examples encompass such problems as estimation of aerodynamics, stability, and control derivatives from flight data, flight path reconstruction, nonlinearities in control surface effectiveness, stall hysteresis, unstable aircraft, and other critical considerations. Beginners, as well as practicing researchers, engineers, and working professionals who wish to refresh or broaden their knowledge of flight vehicle system identification will find this book highly beneficial. Based on years of experience, the book also provides recommendations for overcoming problems likely to be faced in developing complex nonlinear and high fidelity models and can help the novice negotiate the challenges of developing highly accurate mathematical models and aerodynamic databases from experimental flight data. Software that runs under MATLAB[registered] and sample flight data are provided to assist the reader in reworking the examples presented in the text. The software can also be adapted to the reader's own interests.
This history of ideas in American psychology divides 11 decades into three periods, marked out by specific themes central to psychologists over the years. Initially, the legacy of mind-body dualism challenged scientists to make coherent a single universe of mental and physical phenomena, but efforts were hampered by languages that embody mental, physical, and metaphysical commitments. This struggle began with James, whose work remains enormously relevant, is exacerbated by Titchener, whose mentalism provokes a reaction by Watson, whose physicalistic bias provoked a vastly expanded realm opened by Gestalt. The second period, from Freud to Skinner, shifted the focus from mind and body to experimental and clinical settings for the acquisition and application of psychological knowledge. Tolman, Hebb, Rogers, Hull, Piaget, and Skinner each sought to create a psychology that could bridge these two settings, often reducing one to the other, but often inventing ideas for psychology that vastly changed the earlier preoccupation with mind-body dualism. In the third period, feminists, phenomenologists, and post modern thinkers recentered psychology. The cultural acceptance of psychology as a point of view on virtually any issue led to a proliferation of diversity even greater than in the second period. The integration of psychology into employment roles in most segments of society made psychology more diverse and less unified than ever. An important resource for all scholars, students, and researchers involved with the history of ideas and American psychology.
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