Winner of the Lord Aberdare Literary Prize 2015- from the British Society for Sports History. From its advent in the mid-late nineteenth century as a garden-party pastime to its development into a highly commercialised and professionalised high-performance sport, the history of tennis in Britain reflects important themes in Britain's social history. In the first comprehensive and critical account of the history of tennis in Britain, Robert Lake explains how the game's historical roots have shaped its contemporary structure, and how the history of tennis can tell us much about the history of wider British society. Since its emergence as a spare-time diversion for landed elites, the dominant culture in British tennis has been one of amateurism and exclusion, with tennis sitting alongside cricket and golf as a vehicle for the reproduction of middle-class values throughout wider British society in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Consequently, the Lawn Tennis Association has been accused of a failure to promote inclusion or widen participation, despite steadfast efforts to develop talent and improve coaching practices and structures. Robert Lake examines these themes in the context of the global development of tennis and important processes of commercialisation and professional and social development that have shaped both tennis and wider society. The social history of tennis in Britain is a microcosm of late-nineteenth and twentieth-century British social history: sustained class power and class conflict; struggles for female emancipation and racial integration; the decline of empire; and, Britain's shifting relationship with America, continental Europe, and Commonwealth nations. This book is important and fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in the history of sport or British social history.
Examining the history and intellectual activity of the medieval Svetambara Jain renunciant order, the Tapa Gaccha, this book focuses on the consolidation by the Tapa Gaccha from the thirteenth century of its identity as the leading Svetambara order. The author argues that this was variously effected by negotiating the primacy of lineage, the posthumous divinity of one of its leaders, the validity of styles of scriptural exegesis and customary practice and the status of non-Jains through the medium of chronicles and poetry and polemical engagement with other Jain orders and dissident elements within its own ranks.
Drawing on largely unstudied primary sources, the author demonstrates how Tapa Gaccha writers created a sophisticated intellectual culture which was a vehicle for the maintenance of sectarian identity in the early modern period. The book explores issues which have been central to our understanding of many of the questions currently being asked about the development not just of Jainism but of South Asian religions in general, such as the manner in which authority is established in relation to texts, the relationship between scripture, commentary and tradition and tensions both between and within sects.
Includes accurate line drawings of 18th-century balloons, 19th-century dirigibles, the Wright "Flyer," the first English Channel crossing, the "Spirit of St. Louis," many fighters, bombers, and rockets from World Wars I and II, jets, early space vehicles, the "Concorde," and, of course, the Space Shuttle. 47 black-and-white illustrations.
The Scriptures (i.e. the Bible) can be read historically, for pleasure, for literary purposes, for wisdom, and/or for pure knowledge. There is a place and time for each of these. But above all, God intended His Word to be a vehicle. You get in a vehicle to go somewhere. It is no different with the Bible. The Lord has given His Word to us so that we can more easily access His Presence. Reading the Bible is about you and Him experiencing each other.
This GCSE History book is full of clear revision notes, maps and diagrams for Modern World History. The most popular topics for the AQA B exams are all covered, including both World Wars, the Cold War and key social changes in Britain, Germany, Russia and the USA. It makes revision straightforward - each section is split into a topic per page, with questions to check what you've learnt at the end. There's also a section of exam advice to help you improve your grades.
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